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The origin of the Belarusan Arabic alphabet

Infographics that demonstrates the genesis of the Belarusian Arabic alphabet and its three stages.

Text content of the image:

Letters of the Belarusan Arabic alphabet

Arabic alphabet (abjad)

Twenty eight letters with their phonetic values (IPA), since the 7th c.

[ʔ, а] [b] [t] [θ] [d͡ʒ] [ħ] [x] [d] [ð] [r] [z]

[s] [ʃ] [sˤ] [dˤ] [tˤ] [ðˤ] [ʕ] [ʁˤ]

[f] [q] [k] [l] [m] [n] [w, u:] [h] [j] [i:]

Perso-arabic script

Thirty two letters, since the 9th c.

Four Indo-European phone-mes [g, ʒ, t͡ʃ, p] were not present in the Arabic abjad, so Persians fashioned new letters from the most similar existing ones.

[b] [d͡ʒ] [z] [k]

[p] [t͡ʃ] [ʒ] [ɡ]

Belarusan Arabic alphabet

Two additional letters, since the 16th c.

Two specific Belarusan phonemes [d͡zj, t͡sj] could not be depicted with Perso-Arabic letters, so the Ruthenian- and then Belarusan-speaking Belarusan Tatars, citizens of the Grand Duchy, fashioned new letters from the most similar existing ones.

[d] [t͡s]

[d͡zj] [t͡sj]

Download this file from Wikimedia Commons: Літары беларускай арабіцы.svg under CC-BY-SA 3.0.

Belarusian Arabic script
Belarusian Arabic script
https://arabica.fias.fr

The origin of the Belarusan Arabic alphabet - Directed by Dr Maxime Seveleu-Dubrovnik, Committee on language planning, FIAS.